Ann was born on 20th December 1813 in 1 East Street Blackfriars London, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (nee Prudden).
In 1844 she was convicted of theft from her employer and sentenced to a year’s confinement. An account of the trial is below.
Soon after her release from prison she married William Vaughan and had four children. During her marriage she worked as a mangling woman, but after she was widowed in 1868 she was to be found as a schoolmistress – obviously her heritage as the descendant of university-educated people was showing – all the Tilliduffs appear to be literate, and some worked as compositors and printers. Her daughter Ellen (1850 – 1916) worked her way up the property ladder and by 1901 was owner of a boarding house on the seafront at Eastbourne employing staff. I think her term in prison helped Ann to turn her life around. The incident was perhaps explained by the fact that her father was in the workhouse, probably due to illness, and the family were on hard times.
Old Bailey Proceedings 8th April 1844 case nos. 1044 and 1045
1044. ANN TILLIDUFF was indicted for stealing 3 half-sovereigns, the monies of Daniel Cloves, her master.DANIEL CLOVES. I live at Oliver’s terrace, East Bromley. The prisoner was in my service two years and a half, as under-housemaid—on the 5th of April I missed three half-sovereigns from my dressing-table—I called my sister who fetched the prisoner form the room above—I sent for a policeman, and said I would have her searched—she said, she hoped the policeman would not search her, she had no objection to my two sisters searching her—after they had retired, my sister called out, that she had found one half-sovereign.Cross-examined by Mr. DOANE Q. Was this money loose in your dressing-room? A. Yes—I had occasion to leave my room for two minutes, and, on my return, these had been abstracted—I had twenty nine half sovereigns loose on the dressing-table—I am quite certain three were missing—I had counted them, in consequence of losing money on the Wednesday previous.MARY CARTER . I am sister of Mr. Cloves. I went up stairs and found the prisoner in my room—she asked me to search her, instead of the police-man—I went with her into the next room—in taking off her dress, she was a long while in taking one hand out of the sleeve, and she kept her hand closed—I said, “Ann, you have something in your hand”—she changed it into the other hand, and brought that hand forward—I said, “Put both hands forward”—something fell from her—I said, “That is the half-sovereign”—she said, “No, it is the sixpence which I told you I had”—she had previously said, she only had sixpence—I picked it up, and it was a half-sovereign—I went with her into the drawing-room, and saw the policeman take two more half-sovereigns from her hair at the back of her head.HENRY MILSTEE (police-constable K 208.) I found two half-sovereigns in the prisoner’s hair behind—she had a cap on over it—she said nothing.GUILTY . Aged 30 Reference Number: t18440408-1045
1045. ANN TILLIDUFF was again indicted for stealing 1 watch, value 7l., and 2 seals, 1l.; the goods of Daniel Cloves, her master.DANIEL CLOVES . I directed the policeman to search the prisoner’s room, and he produced this watch and two seals—I recognized the seals immediately, as my property—I do not recognize the watch from its outward appearance—I missed a hunting-watch, with the name of Haley and Percival, London, in it—it had had a fall—the dial-plate was broken—it would not go, and I had put it in a drawer twelve months ago.Cross-examined by MR. DOANE. Q. This is a lady’s watch? A. Yes—my watch had two gold cases—this has one—mine had a white face—I do not know the number of my watch—I am certain of the seals.JAMES HOLMES , watchmaker, Domingo-street, St. Luke’s. I fancy I have some recollection of this watch was brought to me by the prisoner’s brother—it had then two gold cases—it was very much bruised and dilapidated, as if it was not good for much, very much injured from service—I put a new case to it, and a new dial—I charged 3l. for it, with the old gold cases—I took no account of the maker’s name—I cannot swear positively that this is the watch.MR. CLOVES re-examined. The seals are gold, I know nothing of the ring—the seals were not on it when I lost it.HENRY MILSTEE (policeman.) I found the watch in a drawer, which the prisoner said was hers.Cross-examined. Q. Was it locked? A. No.GUILTY of stealing the Seals. Aged 30.—Recommended to mercy by the Prosecutor.— Confined One Year