William was christened (as Dulledaphe, a deviant spelling of the name Tullideph, cf. Blacks Surnames of Scotland) in Leslie, Fife, on 11th December 1626, the son of William Dulledaphe and Agnes Haddone (elsewhere recorded as Haddow, which is more likely).
He gained an MA from St. Salvators (right) in 1641, and continued to teach there after graduating. While there William was in contact with leading figures in the dissenting movement, who objected to the Book of Common Prayer that had been introduced by Charles I, who believed in the Divine Right of Kings, and that the King was Head of the Church of Scotland. The Presbyterian Scots disagreed, and Charles I announced that dissent would be deemed treason.
In 1657 William was admitted to Dunbog as minister. However, in 1662 his covenanting activities caught up with him and he was deprived of the living of Dunbog by Act of Parliament. He had to wait until 1670 for another appointment, at Kilbirnie in Ayrshire. .
In 1687 it was agreed with James VII that a more relaxed view of religion would be accepted, and William was finally able to pursue his ministry without interruption. In 1688 he was admitted to Wemyss for a short time before being made Minister and Principal of St. Leonards, back at St. Andrews where he had started. In 1695 he passed away while still in post at St. Andrews.
Extract from “Academic Patronage in the Scottish Enlightenment” by Roger L. Emerson‘
“The third principal, appointed to St. Leonards in 1691, was William Tullideph (c.1626 – 1695) a Covenanter from Cupar, Fife, who had served on the Commission of Visitation. His relatives and descendants also served the college for over eighty years. He too held a St. Andrews MA given to him in 1641 and had taught at his college, St. Salvators, as a regent while Pitcairne had been teaching there. Like the others Tullideph had been ordained to a royal living, at Dunbog, in 1657, had been deposed in 1662, indulged later at Kilbirnie, (1670 – 1684) and deprived and then imprisoned. After the Revolution he preached at Wemyss until 1691. He then became Principal and minister of St. Leonards parish in St. Andrews.”
In 1709, some years after William’s death, there is an “Eik” (an addition) to his will. It would appear that he had lent St. Andrews University some money, or that he was owed some remuneration by them, and the Eik was dealing with this. A best effort at transcribing the eik is below.
Additamentum umq[uhi]le Mr W[illia]m Tullideph Principal
To the testament dative & ______ of the goods gear & debts of umq[hi]le Mr William Tullideph Principal of St Leonards College in the Universitie of St Andrews Ther is Eiked [added] by Mr John Tullideph Minister at Dum Barney Lawfull sone & heir to the defunct the sume of ___ as the defuncts proportone of the __Charles the Second his Mortification or Gift grantit [granted] to the said Universitie and due & payable to the defunct as Principal of the said St Leonards College the halfe year 1692 and the haill [whole] years 1692, 93, 94 and 1695 years being four hundreth [hundred] merks yearlie Omitted & Left furth [out] of the said defuncts ____ confirmit [confirmed] left at by the s[ai]d dec[ease]d [or exor] and now ____ to his knowledge Eiked [added] the twentie day of Ja[nua]rie 1709 and Mr Patrick Tullideph Minister at Ferrie is ____
CC20/4/17 St Andrews Commissary Court